Documents

1799

Jean-Jacques Dessalines to Henry Christophe, 22 Fructidor, an Septième/8 September 1799, F3/201, Archives Nationales, Paris.

1800

Jean-Jacques Dessalines to Toussaint Louverutre, 10 Messidor an 8/28 June 1800, Telegraphe and Daily Advertiser, Baltimore, Maryland, page 3.

Jean-Jacques Dessalines to General [Toussaint Louverture], 4 July 1800, Federal Gazette & Baltimore Daily Advertiser, Baltimore, Maryland, 8 August 1800, page 3.

1802

Jean-Jacques Dessalines to L.M. Desneiver[?], en chef a Jérémie, le 25 Floréal, an [unknown], National Library of Jamaica.

Jean-Jacques Dessalines to Rochambeau, 10 Prairial, an 10, MS Haiti 67-8, Boston Public Library.

Jean-Jacques Dessalines to Victor Emmanuel Leclerc, 8 Fructior, an 10, MS Haiti 71-4, Boston Public Library.

Jean-Jacques Dessalines to General Leclerc, 26 August 1802, Catalogue of the Unpublished Papers of Generals Leclerc and Rochambeau during the War of Independence in Haiti, 1802-3, Archives Nationales, Pierrefitte, 135/AP/1.

Jean-Jacques Dessalines to General Leclerc, 23 Fructidor/10 September 1802, The Philadelphia Gazette & Daily Advertiser, 8 October 1802, page 3.

Jean-Jacques Dessalines to Donatien Rochambeau, 23 Messidor, an 10, MS Haiti 66-102 (10), Boston Public Library.

Jean-Jacques Dessalines to Citoyen Cabal, 25 Messidor an 10, Catalogue of the Unpublished Papers of Generals Leclerc and Rochambeau during the War of Independence in Haiti, 1802-3, Archives Nationales, Pierrefitte, 135/AP/1.

Jean-Jacques Dessalines to General Leclerc, 12 Vendemaire, an 11/ 4 October 1802, Catalogue of the Unpublished Papers of Generals Leclerc and Rochambeau during the War of Independence in Haiti, 1802-3, Archives Nationales, Pierrefitte, 135/AP/1.

1803

Jean-Jacques Dessalines to George Nugent, 23 June 1803, MS 72, National Library of Jamaica. AND Jean-Jacques Dessalines to George Nugent, 23 June 1803, CO 137/110, The National Archives of the United Kingdom.

Jean-Jacques Dessalines to the President of the United States [Thomas Jefferson], 23 June 1803, Series 1: General Correspondence. 1651-1827, Microfilm Reel: 028, The Thomas Jefferson Papers at the Library of Congress, Manuscript Division.

Jean-Jacques Dessalines to George Nugent, 7 Thermidor, an 11/2 August 1803, MS 72, National Library of Jamaica.

Jean-Jacques Dessalines to [John Thomas Duckworth], 13 August 1803, ADM 1/253, The National Archives of the United Kingdom.

Jean-Jacques Dessalines to [John Thomas Duckworth], 17 August 1803, ADM 1/153, The National Archives of the United Kingdom.

Jean-Jacques Dessalines to James Walker and Hugh Cathcart, 28 and 29 August 1803, MS 72, National Library of Jamaica. AND Jean-Jacques Dessalines to James Walker and Hugh Cathcart, 28 and 29 August 1803, CO 137/110, The National Archives of the United Kingdom.

Jean-Jacques Dessalines to George Nugent and John Thomas Duckworth, 2 September 1803, MS 72, National Library of Jamaica. AND Jean-Jacques Dessalines to George Nugent and John Thomas Duckworth 2 September 1803, CO 137/110, The National Archives of the United Kingdom. AND Jean-Jacques Dessalines to George Nugent and John Thomas Duckworth, 2 September 1803, ADM 1/253, The National Archives of the United Kingdom.

Jean-Jacques Dessalines to George Nugent, 2 September 1803, CO 137/110, The National Archives of the United Kingdom.

Jean-Jacques Dessalines to John Thomas Duckworth, 16 September 1803, ADM 1/253, The National Archives of the United Kingdom.

Jean-Jacques Dessalines to the Inhabitants of Port-au-Prince, 2e jour Complémentaire, an 11/19 September 1803, Catalogue of the Unpublished Papers of Generals Leclerc and Rochambeau during the War of Independence in Haiti, 1802-3, Archives Nationales, Pierrefitte, 135/AP/1.

Jean-Jacques Dessalines to George Nugent, 6 November 1803, CO 137/110, The National Archives of the United Kingdom.

Jean-Jacques Dessalines and Duveyrier, “Armées française et indigène,” 27 Brumaire an 12/19 November 1803, CO 137/111, The National Archives of the United Kingdom. [treaty for the evacuation of French troops between Dessalines and Rochambeau]

Jean-Jacques Dessalines to the citizens and inhabitants of the city of Cap, 27 Brumaire/19 November 1803, MS 72, National Library of Jamaica. [Two copies from the NLJ] AND Jean-Jacques Dessalines to the citizens and inhabitants of the city of Cap, 27 Brumaire/19 November 1803, CO 137/110 AND CO 137/111, The National Archives of the United Kingdom. [Two copies from TNA]

Jean-Jacques Dessalines to General Loring, 6 Frimaire an 12/28 November 1803, ADM 1/253, The National Archives of the United Kingdom.

Jean-Jacques Dessalines, Henry Christophe, and Augustin Clervaux, “Proclamation, 29 November 1803,” Aurora General Advertiser, 5 January 1804, Philadelphia, No. 4059, Page 2.

Jean-Jacques Dessalines, “Journal tenu pendant l’expédition entreprise contre le Port-au-Prince, par le Général en chef de l’armée Indigène” and “Hymne Haytiène,” 10 Frimaire, an 12, CO 137/110, The National Archives of the United Kingdom.

Jean-Jacques Dessalines to George Nugent, 10 December 1803, MS 72, National Library of Jamaica.

1804

Jean-Jacques Dessalines, “Liberté ou la Mort,” [Haitian Declaration of Independence], 1 January 1804, CO 137/111, The National Archives of the United Kingdom.

Jean-Jacques Dessalines, “Liberté ou la Mort,” [Haitian Declaration of Independence], 1 January 1804, MFQ 1/184, The National Archives of the United Kingdom.

Jean-Jacques Dessalines, “Armée Indigène,” [Declaration of Independence, transcription], 1 January 1804, MS 72, National Library of Jamaica.

Jean-Jacques Dessalines, “Indigenous Army,” [English translation of the Haitian Declaration of Independence), 1 January 1804, ADM 1/254, The National Archives of the United Kingdom.

Jean-Jacques Dessalines, “Arrêté,” 2 January 1804, MFQ 1/184, The National Archives of the United Kingdom.

Jean-Jacques Dessalines, “Arrêté Relatif au Costume,” 2 January 1804, MFQ 1/184, The National Archives of the United Kingdom.

Jean-Jacques Dessalines to Edward Corbet, 16 January 1804, MS 72, National Library of Jamaica. AND Jean-Jacques Dessalines to Edward Corbet, 16 January 1804, CO 137/111, The National Archives of the United Kingdom.

Jean-Jacques Dessalines to Edward Corbet, 16 January 1804 (second letter on this date), MS 72, National Library of Jamaica. AND Jean-Jacques Dessalines to Edward Corbet, 16 January 1804, CO 137/111, The National Archives of the United Kingdom.

Jean-Jacques Dessalines to George Nugent, 20 January 1804, MS 72, National Library of Jamaica. AND Jean-Jacques Dessalines to George Nugent, 20 January 1804, CO 137/111, The National Archives of the United Kingdom.

Jean-Jacques Dessalines, “Ordonnance,” 20 January 1804, MFQ 1/184, The National Archives of the United Kingdom.

Jean-Jacques Dessalines, “Ordonnance,” 7 February 1804, MS 72, National Library of Jamaica. AND Jean-Jacques Dessalines, “Ordonnance,” 7 February 1804, CO 137/111, The National Archives of the United Kingdom.

Jean-Jacques Dessalines to Edward Corbet, 12 February 1804, CO 137/111, The National Archives of the United Kingdom.

Jean-Jacques Dessalines to John Thomas Duckworth, 12 February 1804, ADM 1/254, The National Archives of the United Kingdom.

Jean-Jacques Dessalines, “Brevet,” 12 February 1804, MMC 2814, Celestine Bencomo Haitian Collection 1775-1915, Library of Congress Manuscript Division.

Jean-Jacques Dessalines, “Brevet,” 15 February 1804, MS Haiti 70-21, Boston Public Library.

Jean-Jacques Dessalines’s Nomination as Emperor, 15 February 1804, CO 137/113, The National Archives of the United Kingdom. (See Deborah Jenson’s work on the time lag to his coronation in October 1804)

Jean-Jacques Dessalines to Edward Corbet, 26 February 1804, MS 72, National Library of Jamaica. AND Jean-Jacques Dessalines to Edward Corbet, 26 February 1804, CO 137/111, The National Archives of the United Kingdom.

Jean-Jacques Dessalines to George Nugent, 26 February 1804, CO 137/111, The National Archives of the United Kingdom.

Jean-Jacques Dessalines to George Nugent, 26 February 1804, CO 137/111, The National Archives of the United Kingdom. [second letter on same day]

Jean-Jacques Dessalines to Edward Corbet, 27 February 1804, MS 72, National Library of Jamaica. AND Jean-Jacques Dessalines to Edward Corbet, 27 February 1804, CO 137/111, The National Archives of the United Kingdom.

Jean-Jacques Dessalines to John Thomas Duckworth, 27 February 1804, ADM 1/254, The National Archives of the United Kingdom.

Jean-Jacques Dessalines, “Extract from the Secret Deliberations of the government of the Island of Hayti,” 29 February 1804, Relf’s Philadelphia Gazette, 30 April 1804, Page 3.

Jean-Jacques Dessalines to the Generals of the Armée Indigène, 1 April 1804, CO 137/111, The National Archives of the United Kingdom. AND Jean-Jacques Dessalines to the Generals of the Armée Indigène, 1 April 1804, CO 137/113, The National Archives of the United Kingdom.

Jean-Jacques Dessalines, “Brevet,” 7 April 1804, New York Public Library, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Kurt Fisher Collection, Government Papers 1728-1825, Box 8B, Folder 10 (microfilm reel 6).

Jean-Jacques Dessalines to the Inhabitants of Haiti, 28 April 1804, CO 137/111, The National Archives of the United Kingdom. AND Jean-Jacques Dessalines to the Inhabitants of Haiti, 28 April 1804, CO 137/113, The National Archives of the United Kingdom. AND “Liberty or Death, Proclamation,” New-York Commercial Advertiser, 4 June 1804, Page 2-3.  [“I have Avenged America” speech]

Jean-Jacques Dessalines to the inhabitants of the Spanish part of the island, 8 May 1804, MS 72, National Library of Jamaica. AND Jean-Jacques Dessalines to the inhabitants of the Spanish part of the island, CO 137/111, The National Archives of the United Kingdom. AND Jean-Jacques Dessalines to the inhabitants of the Spanish part of the island, CO 137/113, The National Archives of the United Kingdom. AND Jean-Jacques Dessalines, Governor-General, to the Inhabitants of the Spanish Part, 8 May 1804, New-York Commercial Advertiser, 4 June 1804, Page 3.

Jean-Jaques Dessalines to George Nugent, 13 May 1804, MS 72, National Library of Jamaica. AND Jean-Jacques Dessalines to George Nugent, 13 May 1804, CO 137/111, The National Archives of the United Kingdom.

Jean-Jacques Dessalines to everyone who reads it, No date [early 1804, probably May or June], ADM 1/254, The National Archives of the United Kingdom.

1805

Jean-Jacques Dessalines, “Codes of Hayti,” 26 May 1805, Reserve 4275.68 no.1,  Boston Public Library.

1806

Jean-Jacques Dessalines concerning the land of Agnès and Antoine Granbois, 31 January 1806, P18002, Haiti vol. 1, Mémoires et Documents, Centre des Archives Diplomatiques de la Courneuve.

Jacques [Jean-Jacques Dessalines] to John Downie, 20 July 1806, WO 1/75, The National Archives of the United Kingdom [document in English]

Jacques [Jean-Jacques Dessalines] to John Downie, 15 August 1806, WO 1/75, The National Archives of the United Kingdom. [document in English]

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